CategoriesReal Estate for All

What’s the Deal With Opportunity Zones?

This article will explain what an opportunity zone is, how opportunity zones were created, how to invest in an opportunity zone, and how opportunity zones help incentivize investments. 

Please note that this article is for informational purposes only; Geyser is not providing investment or tax advice. We recommend that you research and discuss these opportunities with professionals before investing.

What is an Opportunity Zone? 

In general, Opportunity Zones are areas across the United States representing distressed communities that could benefit from investment and economic development 1In 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act introduced opportunity zones to incentivize investment in lower-income communities by outlining specific tax benefits individuals can receive when investing within these zones 2.

How Were Opportunity Zones Created? 

Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, low-income communities and neighboring areas sourced through population census tracts could qualify as opportunity zones 3. State legislators hand-picked communities they felt could benefit from investment and nominated specific tracts for consideration. Then,  the U.S. Department of Treasury and the IRS certified the nominated areas. Currently, the United States has 8,764 Opportunity Zones, and roughly 23% are located in rural areas throughout the 50 states, five U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia 4. Click here to view the current list of all Opportunity Zones in the U.S. 

Map of Current Opportunity Zones provided by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Benefits of an Opportunity Zone 

The main benefit for individuals investing in qualified opportunity zones is the ability to avoid capital gains taxes on investments held for at least ten years. To take advantage of this benefit, investors must invest capital gains into a Qualified Opportunity Zone Fund (“QOF”) within 180 days from the date the capital gain is recognized for tax purposes. When invested, the capital gains tax due on the initial gain is deferred until December 31, 2026 5In prior years, investors also benefited from a reduction in the amount of taxes that were owed on the initial gain, but that benefit has expired at this point6.
While some of the original benefits of opportunity zone investing have expired, the main benefit of avoidance of capital gains taxes on the “second gain” is still in effect for investments made up to June 28, 2027 7. To read the complete list of opportunity zone investing deadlines, click here.

Breaking it Down 

For example, let’s say an individual sold stock in 2023, generating $100,000 in capital gains. The individual then invests their entire gain into a QOF within the 180-day window. Because the individual invested before the 180-day period ended, the “first” capital gain is not taxed in 2023. Instead, the capital gains taxes owed on the “first” $100,000 gain would not have to be paid until December 31, 2026. Then, if the opportunity zone investment is held for ten years and the investor receives $300,000 in total returns from the asset’s sale, the $200,000 “second” capital gain is tax-exempt. 

Has Opportunity Zone Legislation Changed Since 2017? 

On April 7, 2022, the Senate Finance Committee proposed the Opportunity Zones Transparency, Extension, and Improvement Act to revise, improve, and extend opportunity zone investing activities. Through this Act, the opportunity zone qualification process will be modified to exclude opportunity zones in areas with median family income exceeding 130% of the national median family income8. Furthermore, this revision will focus on places where at least 40% of the population has lived in poverty since 19809.

Another revision outlined in the Opportunity Zones Transparency, Extension, and Improvement Act is to extend the temporary deferral period for invested capital gains until December 31, 2028, a two-year extension from the original timeline. Additionally, the holding period for investors to defer capital gains taxes by up to 15% will decrease from seven to six years.

Finally, the bill will establish a State and Community Dynamism Fund to support small businesses, communities, and public/private investments. The bill will allocate $1 billion for states to use in the following scenarios: 

  1. Build housing in high-poverty, rural, and otherwise underserved communities
  2. Advance investment in minority, women, and veteran-owned businesses
  3. Development of workforce housing in specific sectors
  4. Affordable Housing with at least 50% of the units affordable to families making less than 80% of the median family income.

It is important to note that the revised Opportunity Zone bill has yet to be passed and is up to the decision of the 118th U.S. Congress. Click here to read the full Opportunity Zones Transparency, Extension, and Improvement Act.

Geyser’s Opportunity Zone Development: The Goodwin

In 2017, The U.S. Department of Treasury established 21 Opportunity Zones in Austin to promote more development for low-income areas while encouraging affordable housing10. One of these Opportunity Zones covers the property located at 3706 Goodwin, where Geyser and Sabot Development’s 363-unit multifamily development is currently under construction.

In 2019, Geyser and Sabot Development purchased the 68-unit Goodwin Apartment Homes in East Austin. Sabot rezoned the site to redevelop the complex into 363 units while keeping 10% of units affordable. Furthermore, Sabot Founder Jim Young was committed to rehousing the displaced tenants of the former Goodwin Apartments and mapped out a plan for them to return to the newly built apartment complex in 2024. 

To receive opportunity zone investments in The Goodwin, Geyser and Sabot set up a Qualified Opportunity Fund to use as an investment vehicle11. Geyser and Sabot then allowed individuals to invest their capital gains into the deal, meaning investors’ capital gains taxes were deferred until December 31, 2026. In addition, Geyser and Sabot plan to hold the project for at least ten years to fully capitalize on the Opportunity Zone’s tax benefits (i.e. the tax exemption on the “second” gain).

The Goodwin will provide 363 units of Class- A multifamily apartments to the growing East Austin community. In tandem with the increased housing potential, The Goodwin will aid in the economic growth of East Austin through 2,400 square feet of retail space on the ground floor of the complex. The Goodwin is set to deliver in early 2024, with the unit framing currently underway.
If you want to learn more about Geyser’s development pipeline, please check out our Project Portfolio Page. 


CategoriesReal Estate for All

AMASS is Closing the Racial Wealth Gap One Investment at a Time

One of the many pleasures we have as a real estate sponsor is working with really great people, and organizations, on our deals. In 2021, we were fortunate to have one of our deals included in the investment platform for a national organization called AMASS.

AMASS is an education and investment platform that gives black investors access to alternative investments that, ultimately, begin to close the racial wealth gap in America. The world of investing can be an intimidating market for people that are not familiar with the space. Acronyms and specific processes can get confusing and overwhelming for some. To aid in this, AMASS gives new investors access to high quality investments paired with high quality education through personal stories, Q&A, and webinars. The platform is designed to accommodate new investors’ uncertainty and provide them with key insights from highly experienced market leaders. 

Daron Roberts, Co-Founder of AMASS

Since its inception in 2021, AMASS has added 500 investors to the program. Founders Abby Coleman and former NFL coach and University of Texas at Austin professor, Daron Roberts work closely with financial advisors and various commercial real estate firms to boost access to quality investment opportunities. Roberts and Coleman formed the idea for starting AMASS after the murder of George Floyd in May 2020. 

“After George Floyd’s Murder, I committed myself to expanding equity (in the form of capital) for people who look like me” says Roberts. 

Daron is a very successful investor but finds he is the only black investor in many of the deals he participates in. The problem of underrepresentation does not get solved until there are systems in place that allow black investors access to quality deals that are usually only accessible through referrals and word-of-mouth. 

“As an NFL coach and Harvard Law graduate, I am often invited to participate in the kinds of investment deals that the average person never even heard about,” says Roberts, “and, more often than not, I am the only black investor in the mix. This word-of-mouth culture is one of the reasons the rich stay rich. Access – not knowledge – is the differentiator.”

Currently, the median African American family holds about 1.5% of the median white American family wealth. In total, this accumulates to over $10.4 billion in total inequality. For more context, the 400 most wealthiest billionaires in the U.S. have more total wealth than all 10 million Black households combined. 

“We all know this disparity is neither an accident nor a coincidence. And, I believe we can push back against this gap by acquiring assets that have the potential to create outsized returns.” Daron says. 

In 2021, The Geyser Group sponsored AMASS’s first investment opportunity for their members. We were excited to teach new investors the ins-and-out of investing, what to look for in a deal, and how to wire money for the first time. 

“Geyser is a real estate company that’s chosen to weave innovation and education into our DNA from the beginning.  We were thrilled for the opportunity to provide access and education alongside such a mission aligned partner that we hope to scale our impact with.” – Matt McDonnell, The Geyser Group CEO and co-founder

More recently, The Geyser Group sponsored another deal where Managing Director, Dick Hall held a webinar answering questions and concerns AMASS members had about the deal. Connecting new investors to revolutionary deals is something that The Geyser Group and AMASS share. We are incredibly honored to be a part of this organization and look forward to being a source of new deals for years to come. 

If you want more information on AMASS, check out their website here!

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